Openwall GNU/*/Linux - a small security-enhanced Linux distro for servers
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 08:34:13 -0700
From: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@...gle.com>
To: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@....com>
Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>, "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>, 
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, 
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>, Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>, 
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>, 
	Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@...tuozzo.com>, Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@...omium.org>, 
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>, "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>, 
	Borislav Petkov <bp@...e.de>, "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@...ysocki.net>, Len Brown <len.brown@...el.com>, 
	Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>, Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>, Chris Wright <chrisw@...s-sol.org>, 
	Alok Kataria <akataria@...are.com>, Rusty Russell <rusty@...tcorp.com.au>, Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>, 
	Christoph Lameter <cl@...ux.com>, Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>, 
	Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@...driver.com>, Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>, 
	Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@...il.com>, "Paul E . McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>, 
	Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@...aro.org>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>, 
	"Luis R . Rodriguez" <mcgrof@...nel.org>, Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>, 
	Christopher Li <sparse@...isli.org>, Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>, 
	Jason Baron <jbaron@...mai.com>, Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@...ux.intel.com>, 
	Dou Liyang <douly.fnst@...fujitsu.com>, 
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@...el.com>, Lukas Wunner <lukas@...ner.de>, 
	Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>, Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>, 
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>, Markus Trippelsdorf <markus@...ppelsdorf.de>, 
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>, Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@...hat.com>, 
	Joerg Roedel <joro@...tes.org>, Rik van Riel <riel@...hat.com>, David Howells <dhowells@...hat.com>, 
	Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>, Waiman Long <longman@...hat.com>, 
	Kyle Huey <me@...ehuey.com>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, Michal Hocko <mhocko@...e.com>, 
	Peter Foley <pefoley2@...oley.com>, Paul Bolle <pebolle@...cali.nl>, Jiri Kosina <jkosina@...e.cz>, 
	"H . J . Lu" <hjl.tools@...il.com>, Rob Landley <rob@...dley.net>, Baoquan He <bhe@...hat.com>, 
	Jan H . Schönherr <jschoenh@...zon.de>, 
	Daniel Micay <danielmicay@...il.com>, "the arch/x86 maintainers" <x86@...nel.org>, 
	Linux Crypto Mailing List <linux-crypto@...r.kernel.org>, LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, 
	Linux PM list <linux-pm@...r.kernel.org>, virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org, 
	xen-devel <xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org>, linux-arch <linux-arch@...r.kernel.org>, 
	Sparse Mailing-list <linux-sparse@...r.kernel.org>, kvm list <kvm@...r.kernel.org>, 
	linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, 
	Kernel Hardening <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1 00/27] x86: PIE support and option to extend KASLR randomization

On Wed, Oct 11, 2017 at 2:34 PM, Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@....com> wrote:
> On 10/11/2017 3:30 PM, Thomas Garnier wrote:
>> Changes:
>>   - patch v1:
>>     - Simplify ftrace implementation.
>>     - Use gcc mstack-protector-guard-reg=%gs with PIE when possible.
>>   - rfc v3:
>>     - Use --emit-relocs instead of -pie to reduce dynamic relocation space on
>>       mapped memory. It also simplifies the relocation process.
>>     - Move the start the module section next to the kernel. Remove the need for
>>       -mcmodel=large on modules. Extends module space from 1 to 2G maximum.
>>     - Support for XEN PVH as 32-bit relocations can be ignored with
>>       --emit-relocs.
>>     - Support for GOT relocations previously done automatically with -pie.
>>     - Remove need for dynamic PLT in modules.
>>     - Support dymamic GOT for modules.
>>   - rfc v2:
>>     - Add support for global stack cookie while compiler default to fs without
>>       mcmodel=kernel
>>     - Change patch 7 to correctly jump out of the identity mapping on kexec load
>>       preserve.
>>
>> These patches make the changes necessary to build the kernel as Position
>> Independent Executable (PIE) on x86_64. A PIE kernel can be relocated below
>> the top 2G of the virtual address space. It allows to optionally extend the
>> KASLR randomization range from 1G to 3G.
>
> Hi Thomas,
>
> I've applied your patches so that I can verify that SME works with PIE.
> Unfortunately, I'm running into build warnings and errors when I enable
> PIE.
>
> With CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION=y I receive lots of messages like this:
>
>   drivers/scsi/libfc/fc_exch.o: warning: objtool: fc_destroy_exch_mgr()+0x0: call without frame pointer save/setup
>
> Disabling CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION suppresses those.

I ran into that, I plan to fix it in the next iteration.

>
> But near the end of the build, I receive errors like this:
>
>   arch/x86/kernel/setup.o: In function `dump_kernel_offset':
>   .../arch/x86/kernel/setup.c:801:(.text+0x32): relocation truncated to fit: R_X86_64_32S against symbol `_text' defined in .text section in .tmp_vmlinux1
>   .
>   . about 10 more of the above type messages
>   .
>   make: *** [vmlinux] Error 1
>   Error building kernel, exiting
>
> Are there any config options that should or should not be enabled when
> building with PIE enabled?  Is there a compiler requirement for PIE (I'm
> using gcc version 5.4.0 20160609 (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.5))?

I never ran into these ones and I tested compilers older and newer.
What was your exact configuration?

>
> Thanks,
> Tom
>
>>
>> Thanks a lot to Ard Biesheuvel & Kees Cook on their feedback on compiler
>> changes, PIE support and KASLR in general. Thanks to Roland McGrath on his
>> feedback for using -pie versus --emit-relocs and details on compiler code
>> generation.
>>
>> The patches:
>>   - 1-3, 5-1#, 17-18: Change in assembly code to be PIE compliant.
>>   - 4: Add a new _ASM_GET_PTR macro to fetch a symbol address generically.
>>   - 14: Adapt percpu design to work correctly when PIE is enabled.
>>   - 15: Provide an option to default visibility to hidden except for key symbols.
>>         It removes errors between compilation units.
>>   - 16: Adapt relocation tool to handle PIE binary correctly.
>>   - 19: Add support for global cookie.
>>   - 20: Support ftrace with PIE (used on Ubuntu config).
>>   - 21: Fix incorrect address marker on dump_pagetables.
>>   - 22: Add option to move the module section just after the kernel.
>>   - 23: Adapt module loading to support PIE with dynamic GOT.
>>   - 24: Make the GOT read-only.
>>   - 25: Add the CONFIG_X86_PIE option (off by default).
>>   - 26: Adapt relocation tool to generate a 64-bit relocation table.
>>   - 27: Add the CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE_LARGE option to increase relocation range
>>         from 1G to 3G (off by default).
>>
>> Performance/Size impact:
>>
>> Size of vmlinux (Default configuration):
>>   File size:
>>   - PIE disabled: +0.000031%
>>   - PIE enabled: -3.210% (less relocations)
>>   .text section:
>>   - PIE disabled: +0.000644%
>>   - PIE enabled: +0.837%
>>
>> Size of vmlinux (Ubuntu configuration):
>>   File size:
>>   - PIE disabled: -0.201%
>>   - PIE enabled: -0.082%
>>   .text section:
>>   - PIE disabled: same
>>   - PIE enabled: +1.319%
>>
>> Size of vmlinux (Default configuration + ORC):
>>   File size:
>>   - PIE enabled: -3.167%
>>   .text section:
>>   - PIE enabled: +0.814%
>>
>> Size of vmlinux (Ubuntu configuration + ORC):
>>   File size:
>>   - PIE enabled: -3.167%
>>   .text section:
>>   - PIE enabled: +1.26%
>>
>> The size increase is mainly due to not having access to the 32-bit signed
>> relocation that can be used with mcmodel=kernel. A small part is due to reduced
>> optimization for PIE code. This bug [1] was opened with gcc to provide a better
>> code generation for kernel PIE.
>>
>> Hackbench (50% and 1600% on thread/process for pipe/sockets):
>>   - PIE disabled: no significant change (avg +0.1% on latest test).
>>   - PIE enabled: between -0.50% to +0.86% in average (default and Ubuntu config).
>>
>> slab_test (average of 10 runs):
>>   - PIE disabled: no significant change (-2% on latest run, likely noise).
>>   - PIE enabled: between -1% and +0.8% on latest runs.
>>
>> Kernbench (average of 10 Half and Optimal runs):
>>   Elapsed Time:
>>   - PIE disabled: no significant change (avg -0.239%)
>>   - PIE enabled: average +0.07%
>>   System Time:
>>   - PIE disabled: no significant change (avg -0.277%)
>>   - PIE enabled: average +0.7%
>>
>> [1] https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=82303
>>
>> diffstat:
>>   Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt              |    3
>>   arch/x86/Kconfig                             |   43 ++++++
>>   arch/x86/Makefile                            |   40 +++++
>>   arch/x86/boot/boot.h                         |    2
>>   arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile            |    5
>>   arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c              |   10 +
>>   arch/x86/crypto/aes-x86_64-asm_64.S          |   45 ++++--
>>   arch/x86/crypto/aesni-intel_asm.S            |   14 +-
>>   arch/x86/crypto/aesni-intel_avx-x86_64.S     |    6
>>   arch/x86/crypto/camellia-aesni-avx-asm_64.S  |   42 +++---
>>   arch/x86/crypto/camellia-aesni-avx2-asm_64.S |   44 +++---
>>   arch/x86/crypto/camellia-x86_64-asm_64.S     |    8 -
>>   arch/x86/crypto/cast5-avx-x86_64-asm_64.S    |   50 ++++---
>>   arch/x86/crypto/cast6-avx-x86_64-asm_64.S    |   44 +++---
>>   arch/x86/crypto/des3_ede-asm_64.S            |   96 +++++++++-----
>>   arch/x86/crypto/ghash-clmulni-intel_asm.S    |    4
>>   arch/x86/crypto/glue_helper-asm-avx.S        |    4
>>   arch/x86/crypto/glue_helper-asm-avx2.S       |    6
>>   arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S                    |    3
>>   arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S                    |   29 ++--
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h                   |   13 +
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/bug.h                   |    2
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/ftrace.h                |    6
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/jump_label.h            |    8 -
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h              |    6
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/module.h                |   11 +
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/page_64_types.h         |    9 +
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h        |   12 +
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h                |   25 ++-
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h      |    6
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/pm-trace.h              |    2
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h             |   12 +
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h              |    8 +
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/setup.h                 |    2
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/stackprotector.h        |   19 ++
>>   arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_64.S             |   31 ++--
>>   arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c                |    3
>>   arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_32.c             |    3
>>   arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_64.c             |    3
>>   arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c                 |    7 -
>>   arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c         |    4
>>   arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c                     |   42 +++++-
>>   arch/x86/kernel/head64.c                     |   32 +++-
>>   arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S                    |    3
>>   arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S                    |   41 +++++-
>>   arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c                        |    6
>>   arch/x86/kernel/module.c                     |  182 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>   arch/x86/kernel/module.lds                   |    3
>>   arch/x86/kernel/process.c                    |    5
>>   arch/x86/kernel/relocate_kernel_64.S         |    8 -
>>   arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c               |    2
>>   arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S                |   13 +
>>   arch/x86/kvm/svm.c                           |    4
>>   arch/x86/lib/cmpxchg16b_emu.S                |    8 -
>>   arch/x86/mm/dump_pagetables.c                |   11 +
>>   arch/x86/power/hibernate_asm_64.S            |    4
>>   arch/x86/tools/relocs.c                      |  170 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
>>   arch/x86/tools/relocs.h                      |    4
>>   arch/x86/tools/relocs_common.c               |   15 +-
>>   arch/x86/xen/xen-asm.S                       |   12 -
>>   arch/x86/xen/xen-head.S                      |    9 -
>>   arch/x86/xen/xen-pvh.S                       |   13 +
>>   drivers/base/firmware_class.c                |    4
>>   include/asm-generic/sections.h               |    6
>>   include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h            |   12 +
>>   include/linux/compiler.h                     |    8 +
>>   init/Kconfig                                 |    9 +
>>   kernel/kallsyms.c                            |   16 +-
>>   kernel/trace/trace.h                         |    4
>>   lib/dynamic_debug.c                          |    4
>>   70 files changed, 1032 insertions(+), 308 deletions(-)
>>



-- 
Thomas

Powered by blists - more mailing lists

Your e-mail address:

Powered by Openwall GNU/*/Linux - Powered by OpenVZ